Today there exists a strong research focus on topological effects in condensed matter. Initial studies were only focused on non-interacting electronic systems, but attention is now shifting towards the influence of electron-electron interactions and also the broken symmetry states they can generate. Real-world materials bring disorder as a third important component, as many symmetry broken states are sensitive to disorder. Hence, to understand many materials we need to keep a combined focus on topology, electronic correlations, and disorder. Copper oxide high-temperature superconductors (cuprates) with pair breaking edges host a flat band of topological zero-energy states, making them an ideal playground where strong correlations, topology, and disorder are strongly intertwined. Here, we show that the three way interplay in cuprates generates a new phase of matter: a fully gapped "phase crystal" state that breaks both translational and time reversal invariance, characterized by a modulation of the d-wave superconducting phase co-existing with a modulating extended s-wave superconducting order. In contrast to conventional wisdom, this phase crystal state is remarkably robust to omnipresent disorder, but only in the presence of strong correlations, thus giving a clear route to its experimental realization.
 Debmalya Chakraborty, Tomas Löfwander, Mikael Fogelström, and Annica M. Black-Schaffer, arXiv:2103.12756 (2021) (To appear in npj Quantum Materials).