Jun 20 – 23, 2022
Max Planck Institut für Festkörperforschung
Europe/Berlin timezone

Local Plaquette Physics as Key Ingredient of High-Temperature Superconductivity in Cuprates

Jun 23, 2022, 2:00 PM
2D5 (Max Planck Institut für Festkörperforschung)


Max Planck Institut für Festkörperforschung

Keynote Talk / Invited Talk Strong Correlations in Low Dimensions


Alexander Lichtenstein (University of Hamburg)


We introduce a strong coupling dual super-perturbation scheme starting from the general reference system optimised for a given many-body problem. We discuss the physics of high-temperature cuprate superconductors starting from the highly degenerate four-site plaquette of the Hubbard model as a reference system. The degeneracy causes strong fluctuations when a lattice of plaquettes is constructed. We show that there is a large binding energy between holes when a set of four plaquettes is considered. The next-nearest-neighbour hopping plays a crucial role in the formation of these strongly bound electronic bipolarons whose coherence at lower temperature could be the explanation for superconductivity. We also use a cluster dual fermion starting from a single degenerate plaquette, which contains the relevant short-ranged fluctuations from the beginning. It gives d-wave superconductivity as the leading instability under a reasonably broad range of parameters. The origin of the pseudogap is discussed in terms of the coupling of degenerate plaquettes. Generalisations of the present approach to the lattice Quantum Monte-Carlo scheme is presented.

Primary author

Alexander Lichtenstein (University of Hamburg)

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